No idea why this is so long!!!

## Key Sequence

Firehose of a chapter.

- We first began an unrelated exploration in Product of Vector Spaces (“tuples”):
- we show that the Product of Vector Spaces is a vector space
- because you can build a list out of zeroing every element except each one on each basis of each element of the tuple sequentially, we learned that the dimension of the Product of Vector Spaces is the sum of the spaces’ dimension.
- we defined the product-to-sum map \(\Gamma\)

- We then tackled the fun part of this chapter, which is affine subsets, parallel structures, quotient spaces, quotient map (affine subsetification maps)
- we learned an important and useful result that two affine subsets parallel to \(U\) are either equal or disjoint (\(v-w \in U\) means \(v+U = w+U\) means \(v+U \cap w+U \neq \emptyset\), means the first thing)
- we defined the operations on quotient space, and showed that quotient space operations behave uniformly on equivalent affine subsets. This, and the usual closer proof, demonstrates that quotient spaces is a vector space
- with the help of the affine subsetification map (the quotient map \(\pi\)), we show that the dimension of a quotient space is the difference between dimensions of its constituents essentially by invoking rank-nullity theorem after knowing the fact that \(null\ \pi = U\) (because \(u+U\) is an affine subset that has not been shifted (think about a line moving along itself… it doesn’t move))

- Then, and I’m not quite sure why, we defined \(\widetilde{T}: V / null\ T \to W\), for some \(T: V\to W\), defined as \(\widetilde{T}(v+null\ T) = Tv\).
- We show that the map is Linear, injective, its range is \(range\ T\), and so it forms an isomorphism between \(V / null\ T\) and \(range\ T\).

Here’s something: products and quotients, the intuition

## New Definitions

- Product of Vector Spaces
- sum of vector and subspace
- parallel + affine subset
- quotient space
- quotient map
- \(\widetilde{T}\)

## Results and Their Proofs

- Product of Vector Spaces is a vector space
- dimension of the Product of Vector Spaces is the sum of the spaces’ dimension
- Results relating to \(\Gamma\)
- results relating to affine subsets and quotient spaces
- two affine subsets parallel to \(U\) are either equal or disjoint
- quotient space operations behave uniformly on equivalent affine subsets
- quotient space is a vector space: bleh just prove it yourself. additive identity is \(0+U\) and additive inverse is \(-v + U\).
- dimension of a quotient space is the difference between dimensions of its constituents

- results relating to \(\widetilde{T}\)
- \(\widetilde{T}\) is well defined
- properties of \(\widetilde{T}\)
- it is linear
- it is injective
- its range is the range of \(range\ T\)
- it is an isomorphism between \(V / null\ T\) and \(range\ T\)

## Questions for Jana

- what’s the point of learning about \(\widetilde{T}\)?
- how are Product of Vector Spaces and quotient space opposites of each other?: products and quotients, the intuition

## Interesting Factoids

Happy Lunar New Year! Also, let’s hope this is not a trend: