Houjun Liu

Strategies to Revise an Essay


  • character as subjects, actions as verbs
  • old before new (connect sentences’ subjects from tail to head)
  • short before long: (say the short phrase before the long phrase, move the verb up front if you can)
  • topic then stress (the last position is being stressed—the thing that’s most important to communicate is the end of an utterance)
  • The above principles apply to all units—as in, each sentences paragraphs, and arguments should all follow a similar principles